The best and most obvious way is to answer the question “How do I prevent rats?”
Rats exploit the human environment to look for food and shelter so it is important to deny them access to these.
- Always keep food in sealed containers
- Make sure all refuse is kept in bins that have lids and that are rodent proof, especially if outdoors.
- Repair and broken drains or pipes as soon as you realise they are damaged
- Keep the exterior of the property tidy and do not let it become overgrown.
But what can I do if I have rats now?
There are several different over the counter treatments available to control or “get rid” of rats, the most common ones being:
Bait (Poison) and rat traps.
These can be effective if you have just one or two rats in your garden or home and they have not started breeding. But be aware that rats are neophobic. This means they are suspicious of anything new added to their environment. You may find it takes a few days at least before they look at the bait let alone eat any of it. In this time the rat infestation could have significantly increased or caused damage and food contamination. If you suspect your rat problem is much bigger than this (usually evidenced by rat droppings and a pungent unpleasant smell in several areas, gnawed containers and evidence of food being eaten, chewed cables etc) it is advisable to contact a pest control specialist. If you are concerned about diseases carried by rats such as salmonella, gastro-enteritis and the sometimes fatal Weil’s disease or it is a business premesis call a pest control company. Do not put your business at risk of bad publicity, prosecution or even closure.
Rats are becoming increasingly resistant to over- the- counter bait so you will have to place it in several areas and replace it every two weeks.
Always protect your hands and face when handling bait.
Never place bait in areas where pets, children and wildlife can encounter it. It is poisonous and can kill! Never place poison in the open where animals may forage for food and where birds can see or feed on it.
Make sure the poison cannot spill if knocked or disturbed and clean spillages immediately. Wherever possible use poison in special bait holders that cannot spill or be opened by children or pets.
Dispose of old bait holders in sealed bags placed in external bins ensuring beforehand that your local council permits this.
These are popular alternatives to bait and the old-fashioned rat traps. However, their success rate is poor. They also need checking every 12 hours so that any rat caught in a humane trap is not distressed. It is illegal to release a pest that is alive onto land not belonging to you.
If you release the rat near your property there is a very good chance they will make their way back inside as they know
Humane traps are often inhuman because a person will forget to check the trap at the required intervals to ensure the rat does not suffer. You may be bitten by the rat when trying to release it and there is the risk of it escaping again.
These include ‘sticky boards’ which as the name suggests traps a rat by sticking them to the board. These are inhumane unless used by trained professionals as the rat can live for days in a highly distressed condition. They also trap and kill any other wildlife We do not recommend these for DIY under any circumstances.
If you are concerned about the safe use of poisons or other methods we discuss above or have an urgent or large rat infestation then contact Dyno-Pest. We can help you; safely, quickly and reliably.